White musk is a dry exudate in the sachet of the male family Moschus berezovskii Flerov. Mali M. sifanicus Przewalski or M. moschiferus L.. Is also a medicinal material also known as inch incense Yuan inch when the door smelly incense umbilical child. Elk is a wild animal that grows in Nepal Tibet and the northwestern plateau of China. The male elk secreted musk from the age of 2. The pale yellow ointment-like secretory fluid secreted from the scrotum accumulates in sachets located in the navel of elk. and can be excreted in vitro through the central hole. The traditional method is to kill scent and take incense namely to cut sachet dry first after gland capsule is dried secretion fluid becomes hard and brown becoming a very brittle solid material granular and a little crystallization. In the solid state musk is odorous and highly diluted with water or alcohol before emitting a unique animal aroma. Due to the need to protect wild animal resources hunting crickets have been banned or restricted so the experiment has succeeded in a more scientific method for raising crickets and aromas. Regardless of the method of obtaining musk the price is quite expensive.
Artificial musk refers to a synthetically obtained fragrance with a musky aroma that is used in cosmetics. Mainly divided into two categories: First macrocyclic ketones or lactones; Second polynitrobenzene. Common types are xylene musk sunflower musk.
Including musk ketone mitogenone musk alcohol ruthenium pyrone ruthenium pyridine hydroxycamphoryl pyridine-A hydroxypyromidine-B 3-methylcyclotridecanone cyclotetradecanone and the like. It also contains 11 kinds of androstane derivatives such as cholest-4-en-3-one cholesterol and its esters testosterone estradiol 5α-androstane-317-dione and the like. Contains protein and amino acids Musk contains about 25% of the protein. In musk a peptidic active substance with a molecular weight of about 1000 was found and a polypeptide with a molecular weight of about 5000-6000 was isolated. The alcohol soluble substance contained four free amino acids namely arginine valine glycine and Alanine. The alcoholysis was extracted with acetone methanol and water. The amino acid analysis after hydrolysis showed that the amino acid content in the methanol extract was the highest among which the content of aspartic acid serine and cystine was the highest; the glutamic acid in the acetone extract Proline histidine and glycine are higher.
Musk can provide a perfect mood for perfumes and on this basis it can also be used as an aroma of other spices. Musk is the most widely used perfume in the perfume industry and can be found in almost any perfume. It has the qualities that balance the perfume formula and add a warm sexy animal sensation. It can also act as a fixative reducing the perfume's volatilization rate making the perfume divergence smoother and longer lasting.
In the perfume industry 'musk' usually refers not to the real natural musk but to a series of compounds that have a musky smell. The smell of natural musks is also very complicated and has conflicting qualities. There are also many descriptions about the smell of musk including sweet powdery milky leathery spicy and even woody. However the most obvious feature is the unique animal flavor of musk.
In the 19th century the elk did not face endangerment and musk was not as expensive as it is today. The use of musk in the perfume industry is at the highest peak in history. In 1888 scientist Albert Bohr was the first to create artificial musk. He discovered that the process of musk was totally a coincidence — when he studied TNT explosives he suddenly smelled a scent like musk. This compound was later called Nitro-musk. This substance was the first member of the artificial musk family but was later banned because of its instability and slight toxicity. The later-invented polycyclic musk was most similar to the smell of natural musk but it was also expensive and it was widely used in the perfumery industry.